Which vaccinations are compulsory and why?
Vaccinations for children is compulsory because from that vaccines it will help in the development of kids, here are immunization chart or schedule from Hiveparenting.
We all have heard the common phrase- “Prevention is better than cure”, the same is the purpose of Immunization, to provide protection to the body before the infectious agents enter into it. "Parents always want the best in everything for their children and they make sure that their children are healthy and protected from infections and various other diseases and hereVaccinations does its job.
It is Very well known that the natural or innate immunization is passed down from parents to offspring in the mother’s womb itself. Our human body has an inbuilt defense system to counter many health related problems, while other diseases have to be countered by giving vaccinations to the children after their birth. As a parent one may get upset or concerned to watch their baby get 3 or 4 shots during a doctor’s visit. But, all of those shots add up to your baby being protected against various infectious diseases and complications of vaccine-preventable diseases which can include amputation of an arm or leg, paralysis of limbs, hearing loss, convulsions, brain damage, and death.
How do Vaccines work?
Vaccines help develop immunity by imitating an infection but do not cause illness. The immune system develops the same response to the stimuli to a foreign antibody as it does to a real infection and hence the body recognizes and fights the vaccine-preventable disease in the future. Sometimes, after getting a vaccine, it can cause minor symptoms, such as fever in babies. Such minor symptoms are normal and should be expected as the body builds immunity.
Are Vaccines Safe?
The very next point that comes into parent’s head –Are vaccines safe? Yes, they are safe. Any licensed vaccine is rigorously tested across multiple phases of trials before it is approved for use and is regularly reassesses once it enters the market and will be constantly monitored by the scientists from several sources for any sign of the adverse effect.
Compulsory Vaccination for Babies in India
As per the latest Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) recommendations, the Government of India has made it mandatory that all children be vaccinated against some of the most common and dangerous childhood diseases. The diseases targeted by the government’s immunization programare tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, polio, measles, tetanus, hepatitis B, hepatitis A, typhoid, mumps, rubella, and gastroenteritis (rotavirus).The baby may need several doses of the same vaccine to protect him effectively against each of these diseases. Children’s must be vaccinated, if not they can spread the disease to other children who are too young to be vaccinated and might cause certain complications in people who have weaker immune systems. This could result in long-term complications and even death for these vulnerable people. So it is important to follow your child's immunization schedule. There are optional vaccines for some of the diseases like pneumococcal, chickenpox, meningitis, and influenza.
If children are vaccinated on a timely basis according to the recommendations from the Government, the incidence of childhood diseases and the death rate of children under five years will eventually go down. The National Immunization schedule aims to eradicate vaccine preventable diseases completely.
" And ultimately it is our duty and responsibility to make a commitment to protect each other by vaccinating our family members and for the betterment of the society".
- For the new born- BCG,OPV 0, Hepatitis-B1
- For 1.5 month old- IPV 1, Hepatitis-B2, DTP 1, Rotavirus 1,Infuenza type B (Hib1) and PCV 1
- For 2.5 month old- DTP 2, IPV 2, Influenza type B (Hib 2), rotavirus 2, PCV 2
- At 14 weeks- DTP 3, IPV 3, Hib 3, Rotavirus 3, PCV 3
- For 6 months old- OPV1, Hep-B 3
- For 9 month old baby- OPV 2,NMR 1
- For 9- 12 months old- Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
- 1yr old- Hep-A 1
- For 1.3yr old- MMR, Varicella
- For 1.6yr old- Hep –A 2
- At 2 yrs- Booster of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
- For 4-6yrs- DTP B2, OPV 3, Varicella, MMR 3